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English section holds a very important place in IBPS PO 2020 Prelims which will be conducted on October 3, 2020. There will be 30 questions which you need to answer in only 20 minutes. This is indeed a challenging task but the good news is that you can master this section by practising beforehand. Take quizzes on different topics and know your score and All India Rank in each of the quizzes. Take a Free Mock of IBPS PO Prelims and check how much you are able to score in the English section.

Vocabulary plays a very important role in nearly all the sections of this section and is a key to scoring good marks. Having a good word power will not only help you in understanding & answering reading comprehension questions but it will also help you in other sections like parajumbles, fill in the blanks, error detection etc. We have come up with a series of articles where The Hindu editorial of that day is analysed and the meaning of difficult words are provided. Reading these articles on a daily basis and making a note of the difficult words will definitely help you in improving your word power.

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Don’t forget to revise the difficult words on a regular basis. For your convenience, we provide the difficult words of the past months in a PDF which are free to download. To ensure that you retain the meanings of these words, we suggest that you use these words in your daily conversation and in writing. You can also consider making Flash Cards for better retention. Doing this on a regular basis will definitely improve your word power. Now let’s have a look at today’s editorial which include words like haul, protract, dissipate etc.

Difficult Word/PhraseContextual Meaning
haula distance to be traversed
rageto happen in a strong or violent way
shrankbecome smaller in size
reboundto rise in price after a fall
dissipatedisappear or cause to disappear
telltaleIndicating something
solitaryexisting alone
abidingaccept or act in accordance with
discretionarydone or used when necessary

Long haul (a distance to be traversed) ahead: On demand-supportive fiscal policies

Demand-supportive fiscal policies alone can end the lockdown-induced slowdown

Factory output continued to contract in July, albeit marginally slower than in June, reflecting the depressed economic conditions as the pandemic rages (to happen in a strong or violent way) on. Quick estimates for the IIP show output across the three sectoral components of the index — mining, manufacturing and electricity — all shrank (become smaller in size), dragging the overall index to a 10.4% year-on-year contraction. While this is slower than June’s 15.8% shrinkage, a closer look reveals that the rebound (to rise in price after a fall) in momentum witnessed in the fiscal first quarter’s last month — when the economy reopened and the contraction narrowed sharply from May’s 33.9% fall — has dissipated (disappear or cause to disappear) appreciably. The most telltale (indicating something) sign of this flattening is the more than halved pace of growth in the solitary (existing alone) use-based industrial activity of the IIP’s six product groups, in which output had turned positive in June. Growth in consumer non-durables — it includes essential household consumables — slid back to 6.7% from the preceding month’s 14.3%, betraying the abiding (accept or act in accordance with) weakness in private consumption spending. The other five groups posted double-digit contractions, with consumer durables and capital goods shrinking 23.6% and 22.8%, respectively. If the trend in durables attests to the RBI’s evaluation last month that “private consumption has lost its discretionary (done or used when necessary) elements across the board”, the capital goods data point to a dismal picture on the investment front. With demand-starved companies operating their factories well below capacity, there is little indication that the protracted (prolonged) six-quarter slump in this key sector, which encompasses the plants and machinery that manufacturers order when expanding or starting new ventures, is anywhere close to reversing momentum.

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Electricity generation, however, provides some relief, with the contraction narrowing to 2.5% in July from June’s 10%. A deeper look at the 23 subcategories of manufacturing shows that only tobacco products and pharmaceuticals posted expansions in July, with the latter benefitting from the increased global demand for medicines, including generic drugs, in the wake of the pandemic. The manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products climbed 22% in July, making it the solitary product to post an expansion of 1.8% over April-July. Textiles and garment manufacturing, employment intensive segments shrunk to 14.8% and 28.7%, respectively. To be sure, the IIP data come with a lag of six weeks and a few more recent indicators give room for some guarded hope. For one, the latest IHS Markit India Manufacturing PMI survey-based outlook signals that the sector likely posted some expansion for the first time in five months in August. And auto makers reported growth in shipments of passenger vehicles to dealers last month in anticipation of festive season demand. Still, to help sustain any incipient revival, the Centre will need to enact demand-supportive fiscal policies or risk seeing the slowdown prolong.

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We hope you have got some new words to learn and augment your vocabulary. Do let us know in the comments section below. Improve your word power further by referring to such previously published lists. Also, download the list of word-meaning of The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Free PDFs of March, April, May, June & July 2020 and keep revising these words on a regular basis.


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