The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary– Jan 18, 2022; Day 216
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Difficult Words/ PhraseContextual Sense
Throttle Place limits on (extent, amount or access)
Endemic native to or confined to a certain region
Deplete Use (resources or materials) over time in order to function
Haunting Having a deeply disquieting or disturbing effect
Thumping Very large
Sacrilege Blasphemous behaviour; the act of depriving something of its sacred character
Boot out Remove from a position or office
Salvage Prevent being ruined, destroyed, lost, or harmed
Stomp to walk with a loud heavy step usually in anger
Narcissistic Characteristic of those having an inflated idea of their own importance
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Chance and change: on Punjab polls

Despite changes in government, the burning issues remain unsolved in Punjab

Since the last Assembly election in 2017, Punjab politics has changed considerably, though the issues that throttled (Place limits on (extent, amount or access)) the State then continue to do so even now. Unemployment, endemic (native to or confined to a certain region) drug abuse, mafias that control the liquor and sand trade, farm debts, and depleting (Use (resources or materials) over time in order to function) groundwater are among the haunting (Having a deeply disquieting or disturbing effect) problems. In 2017, led by Captain Amarinder Singh, the Congress party came to power with a thumping (Very large) majority, winning 77 of the 117 Assembly seats. The election saw a triangular fight with a new entrant, the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP), coming into the State’s political arena. The Congress promises then included punishing the main culprits behind the sacrilege (Blasphemous behaviour; the act of depriving something of its sacred character) of the Guru Granth Sahib and police firing incidents at Kotkapura and Behbal Kalan in 2015, and the cancellation of ‘faulty’ power purchase agreements, but it could make only limited progress on burning issues. Captain Amarinder was accused of going ‘soft’ on the Badal family that helmed the previous government and continues to control the Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD). The Congress booted him out (boot out means remove from a position or office) in September 2021 in an attempt to salvage (Prevent being ruined, destroyed, lost, or harmed) its fortunes, but ended up with chaos at the top. Stomping (to walk with a loud heavy step usually in anger) a narcissistic (Characteristic of those having an inflated idea of their own importance) trail, party State president Navjot Singh Sidhu undermines the party and the authority of Chief Minister Charanjit Singh Channi, who has grown in stature, though his elevation was the result of chance circumstances.

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The Congress is caught in a bind. The elevation of Mr. Channi, the first Dalit to become the State Chief Minister, has perked up its support among the community that is nearly a third of the population. But that might upset the Jat Sikhs who dominate Punjab’s power structure. The Hindus who largely voted for the Congress are also uneasy about the panthic — Sikh religious — politics being championed by Mr. Sidhu. The SAD is focusing on its panthic agenda but remains largely listless; the contraption of an alliance between Captain Amarinder’s Punjab Lok Congress, the Shiromani Akali Dal (Sanyukt) and the Bharatiya Janata Party may have a tough challenge in inspiring significant support. Against the backdrop of the year-long farmers’ protest against three farm laws, as many as 22 farm unions have joined hands together to contest elections. AAP is trying to sell its ‘Delhi model of governance’, and its bid for power this time appears serious. It is showering promises, which include a monthly dole of ₹1,000 to all women voters above 18 if elected to power. SAD’s credibility is at a low, and the Congress is its own worst enemy in the State. All that and AAP’s ability to feel the pulse of the voters make the Punjab contest an open field.

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