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Difficult Word/ PhraseContextual Sense
Potable Suitable for drinking
Mere Being nothing more than specified
Premises Land and the buildings on it
Margin of error The margin required in order to insure safety
Substantial Of considerable importance, size, or worth
Disparity Inequality or difference in some respect
Contamination the process of making something dirty or poisonous, or the state of containing unwanted or dangerous substances
Residual Something left after other parts have been taken away
Soften Lessen in force or effect
Liaise Act between parties with a view to reconciling differences

Making every drop count: On the Jal Jeevan Mission

The infrastructure created as part of the Jal Jeevan Mission must be long-lasting 

One of the most significant commitments of the Narendra Modi government is to ensure piped water to every rural household by 2024. Under the Jal Jeevan Mission, led by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, 10.2 crore rural households, or about 53% of the eligible population, now have tap water access. This, the Government claims, is a 37-percentage point rise from 2019 when the scheme was announced, where its stated aim is to ensure at least 55 litres per person per day of potable (Suitable for drinking) water to every rural household — which implies a mere (Being nothing more than specified) connection does not suffice. The Government commissions annual surveys to evaluate the success of the scheme. A recent audit, by a private agency, found that around 62% of rural households in India had fully functional tap water connections within their premises (Land and the buildings on it). A report of a Parliamentary Standing Committee on Water Resources in March, based on numbers provided by the nodal Jal Shakti Ministry, stated that 46% households had such fully functional tap water connections. It is important to note that for the purposes of the survey, only 3% of rural households were surveyed by the agency for the updated numbers and so the margin of error (The margin required in order to insure safety) may be substantial (Of considerable importance, size, or worth) and subject to the way the survey was designed. If the numbers are accurate, however, this represents an impressive rise in potable, tap water accessibility and suggests that the mission is well on its way to meeting its 2024 target.

The survey, however, revealed wide disparities (Inequality or difference in some respect) in achievement. Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Goa and Puducherry reported more than 80% of households with fully functional connections while less than half the households in Rajasthan, Kerala, Manipur, Tripura, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram and Sikkim had such connections. About 75% of households received water all days of the week, and only 8% just once a week. On average, households got water for three hours every day. Moreover, the report mentions a problem of chlorine contamination (the process of making something dirty or poisonous, or the state of containing unwanted or dangerous substances 🙂. Though 93% of the water samples were reportedly free of bacteriological contamination, most of the anganwadi centres and schools had higher than the permissible range of residual (Something left after other parts have been taken away) chlorine. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the progress of the scheme but with the economy now close to pre-pandemic levels, it is likely that the challenges of labour and material have softened (Lessen in force or effect) somewhat to aid the progress of the scheme. The Centre should liaise (Act between parties with a view to reconciling differences) better with States that are falling behind in targets and ensure that the infrastructure created as part of the scheme is long lasting and not merely to meet election targets.

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