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Nearly all the Banking, Insurance, and Government exams have English as an indispensable section. The section checks aspirants’ grasp on a range of factors like vocabulary, grammar, and comprehension. While reading the editorials of a couple of good newspapers is an excellent medium to improve all the three aspects, it becomes at times boring as well. This happens mainly because of two reasons: either the subject is not interesting enough to keep you glued on the article or you stumble across a lot of new and complicated words which you don’t understand. Read the tips to master your vocabulary here.

Generally, it so happens that if there is only one unknown word in a sentence, you kind-of get its sense by reading the remaining sentence. But if there are two or more words placed interwovenly, the sense of the sentence is generally lost and you need to use a dictionary and attempt hard to understand what the sentence is trying to convey. It is for this reason that we have come up with this series of articles to help you out with the senses of the difficult words used in the editorial of reputed newspapers.

Difficult Word/ PhraseContextual Meaning
cartographicrelating to the science or practice of drawing maps
aggrandisementthe act of increasing the power or scope of something.
tit-for-tatthe infliction of an injury or insult in return for one that one has suffered
concretisedmake (an idea or concept) real; give specific or definite form to
demarcatingset the boundaries or limits of
regressivebecoming less advanced; returning to a former or less developed state
accessionthe attainment or acquisition of a position of rank or power, typically that of monarch or president
bilateralinvolving two parties, especially countries
conjunctionthe action or an instance of two or more events or things occurring at the same point in time or space
albeitalthough

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Cartographic (relating to the science or practice of drawing maps) challenge: On Pakistan’s new map

Pakistan’s new map is intended to provoke India, and internationalise the border disputes

The Ministry of External Affairs has termed Pakistan’s announcement of a new political map, which asserts its claims on Jammu and Kashmir, Siachen and Sir Creek, and lays a new claim to Junagadh, as an exercise in “political absurdity”, and accused Pakistan of attempting a form of “territorial aggrandisement (the act of increasing the power or scope of something) supported by cross-border terrorism”. Pakistan’s decision to issue the map, a tit-for-tat (the infliction of an injury or insult in return for one that one has suffered) manoeuvre in return for India’s decision to reorganise Jammu and Kashmir a year ago, appears to reset several agreements with India that have been concretised (make (an idea or concept) real; give specific or definite form to) over the past 70 years. The map the Imran Khan government unveiled lays claim to all of Jammu and Kashmir, thus far shown as disputed territory, draws a line demarcating (set the boundaries or limits of) Gilgit-Baltistan separately from the part of Kashmir under its control (Pakistan occupied Kashmir), and renames Jammu and Kashmir as “Indian Illegally Occupied Jammu and Kashmir”. The new map leaves the claim line with Ladakh unclear. While each of these acts is outrageous for New Delhi, it should also be questioned in Islamabad. Pakistan’s claim to all of Jammu and Kashmir, but not Ladakh, goes against its own commitment to adjudicate the future of all six parts of the erstwhile royal state of Jammu-Kashmir (Jammu, Kashmir, Ladakh, Gilgit-Baltistan, PoK and Aksai Chin) with India. The claims to Siachen and Sir Creek, that have been the subject of several discussions between India and Pakistan, are also a regressive (becoming less advanced; returning to a former or less developed state) step. While both sides had reached an impasse on Siachen, the Sir Creek agreement had made considerable progress, and was reportedly even resolved, pending a political announcement in 2007. Either way, both were without doubt disputed areas, and Pakistan’s unilateral claim over them is not helpful or conducive to future resolution. Finally, the move on Junagadh, a former princely state whose accession (the attainment or acquisition of a position of rank or power, typically that of monarch or president) to India was accepted by Pakistan, opens up a whole new dispute. While Junagadh was in contention at the time of Partition, the issue was successfully resolved after a referendum was conducted there in February 1948, in which an overwhelming 95% of the state’s residents voted to stay with India.

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As New Delhi considers its next moves on this provocation, it should be prepared for Pakistan taking all the issues it has raised with its new map to the international stage. Pakistan’s actions, while on completely bilateral (involving two parties, especially countries) matters, come in conjunction (the action or an instance of two or more events or things occurring at the same point in time or space) with map-related issues India faces today on two other fronts: with China at the Line of Actual Control on Ladakh, and with Nepal at Kalapani and Limpiyadhura (which Nepal’s government has also issued a new map about). It is surely no coincidence that all three countries objected to the map New Delhi had issued in November 2019, albeit (although) for different reasons, and New Delhi must be well-prepared to deal with the three-pronged cartographic challenge it will face in the coming months.

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We hope you have got some new words to learn and augment your vocabulary. Do let us know in the comments section below. Improve your word power further by referring to such previously published lists. Also, download the list of word-meaning of The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Free PDFs of March, April, May, June & July 2020 and keep revising these words on a regular basis. Also, take a Free Mock Test of IBPS PO 2020 Prelims.

 

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