Aspirants preparing for nearly all major banking, government and insurance exams are recommended to read newspapers on a regular basis. There are broadly two benefits of it: improving the word power and staying updated about general awareness. Usually, aspirants struggle in English section thus, for their rescue we regularly come up with vocabulary articles highlighting the list of difficult words from reputed editorials along with their meanings. In the below editorial, next to the word/phrase, we have put the contextual meaning next to it so that you don’t get confused by the array of different meaning a word has.
|Difficult Word/ Phrase||Contextual Meaning|
|fragile||easily broken or damaged|
|ceasefire||a temporary suspension of fighting, typically one during which peace talks take place|
|altering||change or cause to change in character or composition, typically in a comparatively small but significant way|
|enclave||a portion of territory within or surrounded by a larger territory whose inhabitants are culturally or ethnically distinct|
|proxies||somebody who acts as a substitute for another|
|triumph||a great victory or achievement|
|backlash||a strong and adverse reaction by a large number of people, especially to a social or political development|
|snap election||in some countries, an election that is announced suddenly and unexpectedly|
|in its backyard||very close to one, where one lives, or where one is|
|signatory||a party that has signed an agreement, especially a state that has signed a treaty|
Fragile (easily broken or damaged) ceasefire (a temporary suspension of fighting, typically one during which peace talks take place): on Armenia–Azerbaijan clashes
Armenia and Azerbaijan need a political solution to their dispute if the truce is to hold
The six-week-long war over Nagorno-Karabakh has come to a halt following a Russian-brokered ceasefire agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan, but only after altering the balance of power in the region. Before Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev went to war in late September, Nagorno-Karabakh and its surrounding villages connecting the enclave (a portion of territory within or surrounded by a larger territory whose inhabitants are culturally or ethnically distinct) with mainland Armenia were controlled by either Armenian troops or their proxies (somebody who acts as a substitute for another). Armenia had captured the mountainous region within Azerbaijan — populated by ethnic Armenians — in the earlier war in the 1990s. But tensions continued even after the 1994 ceasefire. When he launched the offensive, Mr. Aliyev, backed by Turkey, vowed to capture Nagorno-Karabakh. Last week, when the ceasefire was announced, Azeri troops had captured several areas around Nagorno-Karabakh from Armenia, including the strategic Shusha, a city just 16 km from Nagorno-Karabakh’s capital, Stepanakert. If Armenia was seen as the victor in the 1991-94 war, Mr. Aliyev has claimed triumph (a great victory or achievement) this time. On the other side, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan is facing a political backlash (a strong and adverse reaction by a large number of people, especially to a social or political development). Yerevan has seen protests against the troops’ withdrawal, Foreign Minister Zohrab Mnatsakanyan has quit over the ceasefire and the country’s President has asked Mr. Pashinyan to resign and hold a snap election (in some countries, an election that is announced suddenly and unexpectedly).
Even if the direct conflict was between Armenia and Azerbaijan, two bigger powers had high stakes — Russia and Turkey. While Turkey strongly supported Azerbaijan, reportedly with armed drones and military advisers, Russia, which has a security agreement with Armenia, tried to remain neutral. While Azerbaijan made military progress, Russia resisted calls to back Armenia and continued with its push to bring the conflict in its backyard (very close to one, where one lives, or where one is) to an end, which it managed to do, finally. Vladimir Putin is the only signatory (a party that has signed an agreement, especially a state that has signed a treaty) to the agreement besides the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan. While Armenia was forced to pull back from several villages and Shusha, it avoided defeat in Nagorno-Karabakh. Russia would send 2,000 peacekeepers to protect the remaining Armenian population and patrol the corridor that links the enclave with the Armenian mainland. While the ceasefire has reinforced Russia’s influence in the region, the war itself pointed to its declining clout in its backyard. Turkey did not only help Azerbaijan fight a war against Moscow’s wishes but also made sure that the Azeris prevailed in the conflict. So now, there is a triumphant Azerbaijan, a wounded Armenia, a cautious Russia and an ambitious Turkey, with a fragile truce over an unresolved dispute. For peace to prevail, Armenia and Azerbaijan must find a lasting settlement to the status of Nagorno-Karabakh. The ceasefire in 1994 did not resolve the conflict. And unlike 1994, when Russia was the only big power, now, the South Caucasus is open for contest between Russia and Turkey, which makes the crisis even more dangerous.
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