Hindu Vocabulary December 2021- Download Free PDF
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Vocabulary is something that comes in handy in nearly every competitive exam. Be it exams held by IBPS or SSC or any other body, nearly all the exams have an English section. And to deal with a majority of topics of the English section, your vocabulary needs to be updated. To help you with your vocabulary, we analyze the editorial of major publications on a daily basis and cherrypick difficult words/ phrases/ terms. We provide the contextual meaning of those difficult words so that you don’t get confused with the array of different meanings a word has. 

Now, it’s obvious that your vocabulary can’t be improved overnight. You need to put effort on a continuous and consistent basis. One way to do this is to bookmark this article of Hindu Vocabulary and check it on a daily basis. This way, you will get yourself acquainted with at least 10 new words on a daily basis. Here in this article, we have collated all the difficult words used in Hindu Editorials in the month of December 2021 for your convenience. Download the free PDF and get going with the rendezvous with the new words.

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Tips to Improve Vocabulary

  • Read, read, read- While much has already been said about this topic, we would just like to reiterate the following. As you read random topics, you come across different difficult words. You can get their sense from the context and at times, you may also refer to a dictionary. Whatever is the case, if you come across the same word again during your reading, you will recall that you recently read this word somewhere and would try to recall its sense. The more you read, the more this process gets repeated and the more your vocabulary increases.
  • Keep a dictionary handy- It doesn’t matter whether you carry a hard copy or search for a word’s meaning on an online dictionary. What matters is you getting the meaning of the word and try to understand its contextual usage. The more this process gets repeated for multiple words, the better it’s for your word power.
  • Use Thesaurus- How is a thesaurus different from a dictionary; you may ask. Well, while a dictionary compiles a list of meanings of a certain word/phrase, a thesaurus compiles all the words which are related to a particular word (also known as word families). Having a curiosity over these related words simply skyrocket the probability of your learning new words.
  • Play games related to words- If you have a readily access to your phone, you can start playing games related to word power. Want to step it up a notch? Start taking your own notes of the difficult words you come across. Keep revising those lists from time to time.
  • Use Flashcards- The notes mentioned above can be prepared in the form of flashcards. Take an empty card and write the word on the front part of the card. Further, write its meaning on the back. Now, occasionally, try to recall a word’s meaning by looking at the front side of a random card. Keep doing this exercise will definitely help you retain the meanings of different words.
  • ‘A Word A Day’ Services- A majority of the platforms send you emails, notifications etc. related to vocabulary. You can search for these services and subscribe to them. This is a great way to augment your existing word power. 
  • Understand the Family of Root words- This topic is mentioned properly in this article: A Guide to Master Your Vocabulary. If you understand the root words, it would be a great way to interpreting new words and thereby improving upon your word power.
  • Write & Talk- Use the new words you learned when you write something. It can be anything ranging from IBPS PO Mains essay to maintaining your own diary. Using the new words will help you resurface their meaning & usage. Similarly, when talking with like-minded people, try using the newly learnt words. If they also follow suit, you will get introduced to some extra new words from their end. You can discuss the meaning & usage which will be immensely helpful to both parties.

Download PDF- Hindu Vocabulary December 2021

Here’s the list of difficult words used in the prominent editorials in the month of December 2021.

Difficult Word/ Phrase Contextual Sense
Feasibility  The quality of being doable
Herald  to be a sign of (something that is beginning to happen or will happen soon)
Frontier  An undeveloped field of study; a topic inviting research and development
Arsenal  A supply of something available for future use
Bode well  to show or suggest that future developments or events will be good or favorable
Unfold  Develop or come to a promising stage
Comorbidity  (medicine) the coexistence of two or more related medical conditions
Mix-up  a mistake that causes confusion
Fiasco  A disastrous or embarrassing failure
Sans  without
Perpetrator  a person who commits a crime or does something that is wrong or evil
Orgy  Any act of immoderate indulgence
Congregation  An assemblage of people, animals or things collected together
Derangement  A state of mental disturbance and disorientation
Fringe group  a group that is on the periphery of a larger organization because its views are more extreme than the majority
Passivity  The trait of remaining inactive
Eloquent  Speaking readily, clearly, and effectively
Pernicious  Exceedingly harmful
Bigotry  the state of feeling, or the act of expressing, strong, unreasonable beliefs or opinions
Cavalier  Marked by lack of attention, consideration, forethought or thoroughness; not careful
Curb  hold in restraint
Regressive  Opposing progress
Table  Propose something
Inducement  a motive or consideration that leads one to action
Allurement  something that persuades one to perform an action for gain
Sinister  suggesting tragic developments
Belligerent  Characteristic of somebody who is eager to fight
Rampant  Unrestrained and violent
Rampaging  Act violently, recklessly, or destructively
Propagate  Become distributed or widespread
Foreboding  A feeling of evil to come
Writ  written
Foresight  Seeing ahead
Echo  Repetition 
Exhort  to strongly encourage someone to do something
Pre-emptive  Designed or having the power to deter or prevent an anticipated situation or occurrence
Ebb  Fall away or decline
Body blow  A serious or devastating setback
Consternation  Fear resulting from the awareness of danger
Harbinger  something that shows what is coming
Roll  A list of names
Weed out  Remove unwanted elements
Laudable  Worthy of high praise
Grave  Causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm
Disenfranchisement  the state of being deprived of a right or privilege, especially the right to vote
Unanimously  Of one mind; without dissent
Rigorously  in a careful way so that every part of something is looked at or considered to make certain it is correct 
Intimate  Give to understand
Franchise  The right to vote in a public election
Ulterior  Lying beyond what is openly revealed or avowed (especially being kept in the background or deliberately concealed)
Bulwark  something that protects you from dangerous or unpleasant situations
Rivalry  The act of competing as for profit or a prize
Spur  Incite or stimulate
Counterpart  A person or thing having the same function or characteristics as another
Reciprocate  Act, feel, or give mutually or in return
Languish  to lose strength or energy and not make any progress in something
Wield  Handle effectively
Foothold  a situation in which someone has obtained the power or influence needed to get what is wanted
Hamper  Prevent the progress or free movement of
Radicalisation  ​the action or process of making somebody more extreme or radical in their opinions on political or social issues
Allegation  (law) a formal accusation against somebody (often in a court of law)
Personage  A person whose actions and opinions strongly influence the course of events
Warrant  Provide adequate grounds to justify (a certain course of action)
Consortium  A group of individuals or companies formed to transact some specific business or to promote a common interest
Cede  Give over
Stonewall  Obstruct or hinder any discussion
Stick to one’s guns  Hold fast to a statement, opinion, or course of action
Bogey  something that causes fear, often without reason
Plant  Place something or someone in a certain position in order to secretly observe or deceiv
Behove  Be appropriate or necessary
In the name of by the authority of
Untenable  (of theories etc) incapable of being defended or justified
Mow down  Kill a large number of people indiscriminately
Lynch  (used about a crowd of people) to kill somebody who is thought to be guilty of a crime, usually by hanging him/her, without a legal trial in a court of law
Furtherance  Encouragement of the progress, growth or acceptance of something
Disingenuous  not sincere, typically by pretending that one knows less about something than one really does
Aggravate  Made more severe or intense especially in law
Unbecoming  (of behaviour) not fitting or appropriate
Ruffle someone’s feathers cause someone to become annoyed or upset
Combative  Having or showing a ready disposition to fight
Protectionism  The policy of imposing duties or quotas on imports in order to protect home industries from overseas competition
Imperative  Some duty that is essential and urgent
Chide  Censure severely or angrily
Vulnerability  Susceptibility to injury or attack
Run up  Pile up (debt etc.)
Receding  moving slowly back
Resonance  A relationship of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people
Reluctance  A certain degree of unwillingness
Unnerve  Disturb the composure of
Pooh-pooh  Refuse with contempt
Misogyny  feelings of hating women, or the belief that men are much better than women
Cast off  Get rid of
Stereotype  a fixed idea about a particular type of person or thing, which is often not true in reality
Reiterate  To say, state, or perform again
Pave the way for (something or someone) to make it easier for (something to happen or someone to do something)
Disparity  Inequality or difference in some respect
Sensitize  Make sensitive or aware
Condemn  Express strong disapproval of
Regressive  Opposing progress; returning to a former less advanced state
Sexist  Discriminatory on the basis of sex (usually said of men’s attitude toward women)
Sanctions  Formal and explicit approval
Overzealous  Marked by excessive enthusiasm for and intense devotion to a cause or idea
Off-guard  Not prepared or vigilant
On the heels of  following closely after
Extrajudicial  Beyond the usual course of legal proceedings
Knee-jerk  reacting according to a certain habitual manner; unthinking
Sweeping  Taking in or moving over (or as if over) a wide area
Rampant  Unrestrained and violent
Salutary  having a good effect on somebody/something, though often seeming unpleasant
Ripple effect  The effect of an event setting off other events in an unexpected way, or in unexpected areas
Ordeal  a very unpleasant or difficult experience
Try  to examine a person accused of committing a crime in a law court by asking them questions and considering known facts, and then decide if they are guilty
Blow  An unpleasant or disappointing surprise
Extradition  The surrender of an accused or convicted person by one state or country to another (usually under the provisions of a statute or treaty)
Take refuge  to go to or into a place for shelter or protection from danger or trouble
Probe  An inquiry into unfamiliar or questionable activities
Cover-up  Concealment that attempts to prevent something scandalous from becoming public
Indictment  A formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offence
Set a precedent  to decide something that will be used as an example or rule to be followed in the future
Proclaimed Declared publicly; made widely known
All-weather  in or suitable for all types of weather
Grim  unpleasant or shocking to see or think about
Tango  A type of energetic dance
Cordial  Politely warm and friendly
See eye to eye  be in full agreement
Dissonance  A conflict of people’s opinions, actions or characters
Fillip  Anything that makes one feel encouraged
Imminently  (esp. of something unpleasant) likely to happen very soon
Cripple  Deprive of strength or efficiency
Fray  Cause friction
Military junta  a military group that rules a country after taking power by force
Farcical  very silly or unreasonable
Military coup  a coup organized and carried out by members of the armed forces
Detention  A state of being confined (usually for a short time)
Mow down  Kill a large number of people indiscriminately
Ethnic cleansing  The mass expulsion and killing of one ethnic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area
Complicit  involved with others in an activity that is unlawful or morally wrong
Ironic  Humorously sarcastic or mocking
Lose a foothold  An area in hostile territory that has been captured and is held awaiting further troops and supplies
Ineffectual  Producing no result or effect
Administer  give or apply (medications)
Clamour  Loud and persistent outcry from many people
Surge  A sudden forceful flow
Symptomatic  Characteristic or indicative of a disease
Severity  The quality of being hard to endure, uninviting or formidable
Vulnerable  Susceptible to attack
Prudent  Careful and sensible
Immunocompromise  Become unable to develop a normal immune response usually because of malnutrition, immunodeficiency or immunosuppressive therapy
Comorbidities  the coexistence of two or more related medical conditions
Uptake  A process of taking up or using up or consuming
Exclusivist  Excluding much or all; especially all but a particular group or minority
At the outset  At the start, from the start
Commission  to formally choose someone to do a special piece of work
Outlaw  A person who operates outside established norms
Embryo  a baby in the early stages of development before birth
Coerce  To cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means
Unfathomable  Incapable of being fully understood
Glaringly  (of something bad) in a way that is very obvious:
Baffling  hard to believe
Heterosexual  Sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex
Thrust  Forced 
Scarcely  Only a very short time before
Nay  A negative
Caretaker government  a temporary ad hoc government that performs some governmental duties and functions in a country until a regular government is elected or formed
Kick off  Commence officially
Erstwhile  Belonging to some prior time
Embody  to be a very good example of something
Rest on her laurels  rest on your laurels means to be satisfied with your achievements and not to make an effort to do anything else
Stumbling block  something that causes trouble or a difficulty, so that you cannot achieve what you want
Kronor  The basic unit of money in Sweden

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