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Start the Preparation of Phase I & Phase II

The dates of RBI Grade B Phase I & II are Nov 9, 2019, & Dec 1, 2019, respectively. This leaves you with only 24 & 48 days for Phase I & Phase II preparation. You must have realized that the number of days between the dates of Phase I & Phase II is only 24. Now, 24 days are clearly not sufficient for Phase II preparation. You need to do a balanced preparation of Phase I & Phase II starting today and need to devote 4-5 hours into preparation on a daily basis. Take a Free Mock Test of RBI Grade B Phase I and get to know your level of preparation. We have already published some useful articles for Phase I & Phase II preparation.

Phase I:

RBI Grade B Phase I performance

Phase II:

In this series of articles, we have come up with Tips for Précis Writing which is a part of Paper III (English- Descriptive) of Phase II. Last year (2018), the topic of Précis Writing was “Environmental pollution – China’s Impact and other developing countries”. This was clearly a social topic. Before getting started with the tips, let’s first understand the idea of Précis Writing. Précis Writing is shortening a paragraph (typically ⅓ of the original paragraph) without losing its essence. Also, the fact that you need to maintain accuracy & briefness along with retaining the substance & main idea of the paragraph.

Important Points to keep in mind in Précis Writing

Précis Writing is going to be useful in your job as an RBI Grade B Officer where you need to summarize data/reports in precise words. Let’s have a look at some points you need to keep in mind while doing Précis Writing:

  • The resultant paragraph should be ⅓ of the original paragraph.
  • If there is any illustration or example in the original paragraph, you may remove it.
  • The language should be standard English. No short-forms should be used.
  • The resultant paragraph should retain the essence of the original paragraph. It shouldn’t miss out on any important concept/idea of the original paragraph.
  • Once you get the original paragraph, start reading it carefully and start making notes of keywords & important points. You may like to read the paragraph again to understand its central idea.
  • Use your own words which should clearly show that you understood the context and are not simply rephrasing the paragraph sentence by sentence.
  • Avoid any spelling mistake. If you ain’t sure of a word’s spelling, use its relevant synonym.
  • Try finishing the Précis Writing in one paragraph. Don’t try to move to another paragraph unless it’s absolutely necessary.
  • Get glued to the central idea of the paragraph. Don’t infuse your personal opinion into it. 
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Précis Writing Example

We have the below example of Précis Writing where we took an extract of an article from Business Line and have summarized it.

Original Paragraph

A classic example of ‘blessings’ from an extended weather event in one country turning into a ‘curse’ for another, half a world away, is just emerging in the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

It also goes to show how weather/climate phenomena treat the geographical limits determined by national/international aspirations with scant regard.

The reference here is to the latest weather development, in which a delayed South-West monsoon in India (Northern Hemisphere) is delaying the monsoon season in Australia (Southern Hemisphere).

The fundamental driver of all monsoon systems is the solar heating of the land during the Spring season (February-March in India) which helps establish a land-sea temperature difference.

Land heats up faster than water, causing the air to expand and lower the pressure, triggering winds from the seas to the land (wind flows from a high-pressure area to a lower-pressure area).

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This moisture is rained out through the process of convection (cloud-building) over the monsoonal regions, mainly India and South-East Asia, during the summer.

Due to the change in season, peak solar heating moves towards the Equator (as it does currently) and then into the Southern Hemisphere, thereby heating the adjacent ocean more than the Asian land.

As a consequence, the winds reverse, and the monsoon rainfall moves to the opposite hemisphere during the Austral summer (summer in the South Hemisphere, December-February).

The villain of the piece is mainly believed to be the intense positive phase of the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), which drove the Indian monsoon to a peak this year, even spilling it into October.

The positive IOD, which warms the western basin of the Indian Ocean relative to the East, boosts an Indian monsoon and is considered the nemesis of the Australian summer monsoon.

The 2019 monsoon in India started its withdrawal on October 9, against the normal date of September 1, and is the most delayed in recorded history.

The previous latest date was October 1, 1961 — also a strong positive IOD year — and much later than the average date of September 1, the BoM noted.

The Indian monsoon was the strongest in recent years with a surplus of 10 per cent in 2019, per the India Meteorological Department, which is in part due to the contribution of the positive IOD.


Précis Writing

Extended weather is a blessing as well a curse. It also proves the fact that climate does not value international boundaries much. Monsoon system is basically caused by the solar heating of the land during the Spring season. This heating moves the winds towards the land (from the sea) and causes rain in India and South-East Asia during summers. Now, the seasonal change causes winds to reverse and the monsoon moves to the Southern hemisphere. Here the villain is Indian Ocean Dipole which extended the Indian monsoons until October. The delayed monsoons in India is considered an adversary of the Australian summer monsoon. 2019 Monsoon is the most delayed monsoon in India and the strongest in recent years with a 10% surplus.

As you must have observed that the original paragraph was of 378 words and the Précis Writing is of only 122 words incorporating the ideas and essence of the original paragraph. We encourage you to pick 2-3 editorials on social, financial & technological topics and do Précis Writing for them on a weekly basis. This will sharpen your skills to understand the paragraph well and write them concisely. Also, keep taking Mock Tests to ensure that your preparation is going in the right direction.

Wishing You Good Luck for Your Preparation!

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