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Difficult Word/ PhraseContextual Sense
Appease gain the goodwill of
Stack Arrange the order of so as to increase one’s winning chances
Stint An unbroken period of time during which you do something
Confrontation A hostile disagreement face-to-face
Partisan Devoted to a cause or party
In tandem alongside each other
Cliched Repeated regularly without thought or originality
Hail Be a native of
Landowning Having property in land; of or pertaining to landowners
Stiff Marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable
Elevation the highest stage of development
Mobilise Make ready for action or use
Unfailingly Without fail
Strive Attempt by employing effort
Temperament Excessive emotionalism or irritability and excitability (especially when displayed openly)

This one for farmers: On the nomination of Jagdeep Dhankhar for Vice-President

The Bharatiya Janata Party is seeking to appease (gain the good will of) a dominant farming community with its choice for Vice-President — Jagdeep Dhankhar

The numbers are clearly stacked (Arrange the order of so as to increase one’s winning chances) in favour of Jagdeep Dhankhar, the National Democratic Alliance candidate for the office of the Vice-President. The Opposition — 17 parties attended a joint meeting on Sunday — has announced Congress leader Margaret Alva as its candidate. Mr. Dhankhar, who joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 2003 after initial stints (An unbroken period of time during which you do something) in the Janata Dal and Congress, has remained a loyal soldier of the party and its current leadership. Even the office that he currently holds, the Governor of West Bengal, has not come in the way of his party loyalty. He has had continuous public confrontations (A hostile disagreement face-to-face) with the elected government led by the Trinamool Congress’s Mamata Banerjee. On many occasions, it appeared that Mr. Dhankhar was playing a partisan (Devoted to a cause or party) role in State politics, in tandem (alongside each other) with the BJP. While announcing his candidacy, the BJP has described him as the son of a farmer — a much cliched (Repeated regularly without thought or originality), still potent labelling that politicians claim. The claim has specific meaning in this context, as Mr. Dhankhar hails (Be a native of) from the Jat community, a landowning (Having property in land; of or pertaining to landowners) dominant caste in parts of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan. The community’s stiff (Marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable) resistance was among the reasons that forced the Centre to withdraw the three farm laws in 2021. A considerable segment of Jats had stayed with the BJP in this year’s Assembly election in U.P., and Mr. Dhankhar’s elevation (the highest stage of development) will strengthen the BJP’s hold over the community, particularly in his home State of Rajasthan that goes to polls in 2023.

For the Opposition, elections to the posts of President and Vice-President would have been an opportunity to advance its politics. On that count, it seemed to have done a poor job. Ms. Alva’s entry onto the scene is unlikely to move the needle for Opposition politics in any impactful manner. She, like the Opposition candidate for President, Yashwant Sinha, is a forceful speaker but does not mobilise (Make ready for action or use) any political constituency. She comes from Karnataka, a State that goes to the polls next year, but there is little that her candidacy will contribute to the Congress in the State or Opposition politics in general at a national level. As it stands, Mr. Dhankhar is all set to become the Vice-President of the country who is also the Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha — two offices that require occupants to be unfailingly (Without fail) non-partisan. They are expected to adhere to rules and the Constitution on the one hand, and on the other, innovate to ensure smooth relations between the government and the Opposition. Mr. Dhankhar should strive (Attempt by employing effort) to build better relations between the Government and the Opposition, and to uphold the honour of the Upper House. There is a transition that he might struggle to effect, given the temperament (Excessive emotionalism or irritability and excitability (especially when displayed openly)) he has displayed so far, as he steps into a new national role.

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