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Aspirants who prepare for competitive exam sometimes are not able to get good marks in the English Language section. Apart from other reasons, one of the reasons for scoring less marks in the English Language section is not having a good vocabulary. Because of this, aspirants sometimes are unable to answer questions on topics like reading comprehension, parajumbles, fillers etc. We have come up with a series of articles where we analyze The Hindu Editorial on a daily basis and tell you the meaning of difficult words/phrases used in the editorial. When you read the editorial along with difficult words, you get a sense of their contextual usage and can remember it in the long run. Let’s have a look at today’s editorial.
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Difficult Word/ PhraseContextual Meaning
resiliencethe capacity to recover quickly from difficulties
sowdisseminate or introduce (something undesirable)
vibrantfull of energy and enthusiasm
stridentloud and harsh
posturingbehaviour that is intended to impress or mislead
professaffirm one’s faith in or allegiance to a set of beliefs
counterproductivehaving the opposite of the desired effect
macabredisturbing and horrifying because of involvement with or depiction of death and injury
snapbreak or cause to break suddenly and completely, typically with a sharp cracking sound
freewheelingcharacterized by a disregard for rules or conventions; unconstrained or uninhibited

Peaceful possibilities: On J&K local body polls

Elections in J&K can lead to participatory politics and meaningful dialogue

The coming local body elections in Jammu and Kashmir could be an opportunity to open a new political dialogue in the Union Territory, particularly on the question of restoring its statehood. In the first democratic exercise since the Centre revoked J&K’s special status and reorganised it into two UTs in August 2019, Panchayati Raj elections are scheduled over eight phases beginning November 28. For the first time, this part of India will have the entire 73rd Constitutional Amendment coming into operation. In October, the UT administration amended the Panchayati Raj Act, providing for District Development Councils (DDC) in each district, and establishing the three-tier PR structure. Alongside the election of 280 DDC members, by-elections for around 12,000 panchayat seats and over 230 urban body seats will also take place. Peaceful, participatory election in a troubled region can be the most forceful demonstration of the resilience (the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties) of Indian democracy. It is for this reason that elections are a target for those who believe that only violence can achieve popular aspirations in Kashmir. Four JeM militants who were planning a terror attack in the Valley to disrupt the elections and sow (disseminate or introduce (something undesirable)) chaos were neutralised last week.

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A violence-free election is necessary, but not sufficient for a vibrant (full of energy and enthusiasm) democracy. The BJP’s strident (loud and harsh) political posturing (behaviour that is intended to impress or mislead), portraying all its political opponents as anti-national and separatist might be electorally useful for it in the Jammu region but is harmful for the national integration that it professes (affirm one’s faith in or allegiance to a set of beliefs). When such statements come from the Home Minister of India, it is even more counterproductive (having the opposite of the desired effect). Choices before the people of J&K must not be framed as a binary of macabre (disturbing and horrifying because of involvement with or depiction of death and injury) violence of Islamist separatism and dehumanising submission of their cultural identity to authoritarian ultranationalism. There are other viable possibilities for J&K’s progressive, respectful and accommodative association with the rest of India, which preserve national integrity and honour the region’s identity. A coalition of regional parties including the PDP and the National Conference, once the BJP’s allies, and the CPI(M), under the banner of People’s Alliance for Gupkar Declaration, has made the restoration of J&K’s special status and its statehood central to its politics. The alliance leaders have complained about restrictions on their campaigning. The Congress, which was in touch with the alliance earlier, has now snapped (break or cause to break suddenly and completely, typically with a sharp cracking sound) its ties with it. The government must encourage the widest voter participation, the clearest route to this being through an unrestrained and freewheeling (characterized by a disregard for rules or conventions; unconstrained or uninhibited) campaign that mobilises and expresses the whole range of public opinion. All that might be said would not be acceptable or desirable. But meaningful dialogue is essential, and elections are the best way to open up peaceful possibilities.

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