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SBI Clerk Mains is just 10 days away. You must be constantly revising all the preparation you have done until now. But when it comes to the English Language section’s vocabulary, there is no stopping. You continue learning new words on an ongoing basis. after all, you don’t know which word appears in the actual exam. To help you learn new words, we have come up with a series of daily editorials where we will pick 10 difficult words/phrases and will provide you with their contextual meaning. Contextual meaning is important here because a word may connote a number of meanings (senses) and you need to use only that meaning (sense) which is relevant in the sentence where that word is used. Have a look at today’s difficult words:

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Difficult Word/PhraseContextual Meaning
vetoright to reject a decision or proposal
stymieprevent or hinder the progress of
whitewashdeliberate concealment of someone’s mistakes or faults in order to clear their name
jeopardiseput (someone or something) into a situation in which there is a danger of loss, harm, or failure
alienateto cause someone or a group of people to stop supporting and agreeing with you
unrelentingnot yielding in strength, severity, or determination
onslaughta fierce or destructive attack
aficionadoa person who is very knowledgeable and enthusiastic about an activity, subject, or pastime
chestnutan old, stale joke or phrase; cliché

Heckler’s veto (right to reject a decision or proposal): On Vijay Sethupathi’s withdrawal from Muralitharan biopic ‘800’

Films can be subjected to criticism after their release, but not stymied (prevent or hinder the progress of) before they are made

Opposition from sections of Tamils has led to versatile Tamil film star Vijay Sethupathi withdrawing from a planned biopic on the Sri Lankan bowling legend, Muttiah Muralitharan. Opponents mainly from the Tamil film industry and political parties in Tamil Nadu claim that Muralitharan had “whitewashed (a deliberate concealment of someone’s mistakes or faults in order to clear their name) genocide” by not raising his voice against the Sri Lankan state, and warned the actor against playing his character, contending that he would only jeopardise his career and alienate (to cause someone or a group of people to stop supporting and agreeing with you) his fan following. It is a shame that these protests have prevented a talented actor from essaying a role based on the story of Muralitharan, who scaled Himalayan peaks in international cricket through talent and determination. Noting the unfair and unrelenting (not yielding in strength, severity, or determination) attacks on Sethupathi to the point of accusing him of being a traitor, Muralitharan appealed to the actor to keep out of the biopic. The ultimate decision may have been Muralitharan’s own, but it is quite clear that Sethupathi dropped the idea only after the onslaught (a fierce or destructive attack). The film’s motion poster released recently had evoked great expectation among cinema aficionados (a person who is very knowledgeable and enthusiastic about an activity, subject, or pastime), especially because of the actor’s highly convincing resemblance to the cricketer. Appropriately named ‘800’, in celebration of the number of Test wickets the bewitching (delightful) off-spinner bagged, the biopic appears to aim at showcasing his rise in the backdrop of the violent ethnic conflict that shook Sri Lanka for three decades.

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Exponents of art being cowed down by protests is not new to Tamil Nadu. The real problem in the latest example of popular intolerance prevailing over artistic ventures is that an old chestnut (an old, stale joke or phrase; cliché) in Tamil Nadu politics — the idea that every Tamil should pass a ‘Tamil nationalist’ test — has been resurrected to stymie this project too. Madras Cafe, a Hindi film, could not be screened in the State after opposition to its portrayal of the LTTE. In 2008, a Sri Lankan producer was forced to give up his footage while he was in Chennai to process his film at a studio. Some of those who demanded that Sethupathi withdraw from the biopic have emphasised that they were merely making an appeal to him, given his past political views in favour of causes that resonate with the people of Tamil Nadu. Whether it was an appeal or a threat, it is a no-brainer that pressure was brought to bear on an artist to give up his professional decision. As for Muralitharan’s political views, it may be that some of his remarks were seen as supporting the Sri Lankan Army’s triumph over the LTTE and questioning the truth behind the grief of the mothers of the disappeared thousands. However, that is no reason to run down his monumental achievements in his chosen sport. And nothing prevents any detractor from questioning the film’s motive or content after its release. It is unfortunate that the heckler’s veto has prevailed.

Download the list of word-meaning of The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Free PDFs of March, April, May, June, July, August & September 2020

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