To score good marks in the English Language Section of IBPS PO Prelims or for that matter, any banking exam, you need to have a really good vocabulary. Knowing the meaning of difficult and unusual words will put you one step ahead of other banking aspirants. Good word power will help you in nearly all the sections whether it is Parajumbles, Fill in the blanks reading comprehension or any other section. Please bear in mind that vocabulary is not built in a day or two. It takes continuous efforts on an ongoing basis to build a good vocabulary.
Reading a newspaper’s editorial is an excellent way to update your awareness, augment your word power and to increase your reading speed. It is for this reason that we are bringing to you a list of difficult words/phrases used in today’s editorial of The Hindu. This editorial discusses FCRA amendments. We have encompassed the words and their sense (as used in the editorial). You will also be able to understand their usage in the editorial which might help you to memorize the word and its meaning. Let’s now have a look at the list.
|Difficult Word/Phrase||Contextual Meaning|
|Fill in||to do someone else’s work for them because they cannot or will not do it themselves|
|stifle||to prevent something from continuing|
|Clip the wings of||Restrain or reduce someone’s freedom|
|battered||old and damaged, or hurt|
|onerous||involving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome|
|inducement||a thing that persuades or influences someone to do something|
|touchstone||a standard or criterion by which something is judged or recognized|
|aversion||a strong dislike or disinclination|
|paranoia||an extreme and unreasonable feeling that other people do not like you or are going to harm or criticize you|
|throwing the baby out with the bathwater||discard something valuable along with other things that are undesirable|
The foreign hand: On FCRA amendments
NGOs fill in (to do someone else’s work for them because they cannot or will not do it themselves) for the state; regulations should not stifle (to prevent something from continuing) their functioning
Amendments to the FCRA, drafted without consultation with stakeholders and passed with limited discussion in Parliament, further clip the wings (Restrain or reduce someone’s freedom) of India’s battered (old and damaged, or hurt) civil society. New regulations put onerous (involving an amount of effort and difficulty that is oppressively burdensome) conditions on civil society organisations, and educational and research institutions that have partnerships, including of a financial nature, with foreign entities. Passions overwhelm rationality in conversations on foreign influences, and it could well be true that a portion of such foreign assistance may be reaching the wrong hands. In Parliament, the BJP alleged that foreign money was being used for religious conversions. In 2017, the government barred American Christian charity, Compassion International, accusing it of supporting conversions. The debate on religious propagation and conversions must be delinked from the question of foreign funding. There are adequate laws against conversion by inducement (a thing that persuades or influences someone to do something), and the right or wrong of it cannot be decided against the touchstone (a standard or criterion by which something is judged or recognized) of the source of funds, native or foreign. Some of the restrictions appear well meaning, but could impact NGOs besides showing up India to be overregulated.
The International Commission of Jurists has said the new law was incompatible with international obligations and India’s own constitutional provisions on rights. Seamless sharing of ideas and resources across national boundaries is essential to the functioning of a global community, and should not be discouraged unless there is reason to believe the funds are being used to aid illegal activities. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has often cited the ancient Indian ethos of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam as the framework for its global engagement. The pandemic has only underscored the importance of this approach. As a growing economy, India under Mr. Modi has been proactive in seeking global capital and technology. The aversion (a strong dislike or disinclination) appears to be towards select categories of global ideas and ideals — environmentalism, human rights and civil liberties. Organisations working in these fields have often had their patriotism being called into question. To be fair, this approach predates the current government, and it was during the UPA that an official report even quantified the GDP losses allegedly caused by environmental NGOs, insinuating a foreign conspiracy against India. Such paranoia (an extreme and unreasonable feeling that other people do not like you or are going to harm or criticize you) does not go well with India’s legitimate ambitions to be a global player. The BJP and the Congress are well aware of the limits of the national-foreign binary. In 2017, both joined hands to legislate an escape route after receiving funds from foreign entities in violation of FCRA provisions. Thousands of NGOs serve extremely disadvantaged sections, at times filling in for the state, at others, supplementing it. A presumption of guilt against them all, followed by control, amounts to throwing the baby out with the bathwater (discard something valuable along with other things that are undesirable). The world is poorer when new barriers are raised.
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