In this article, we have compiled the list of highest major summits in India with their respective range and state of their location. Mountain Ranges are one of the important topics of Static GK which is asked competitive exams like SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, SBI Clerk Mains, RBI Assistant Mains etc. We suggest you to download and memorize this PDF for better preparation of competitive exams.
Here’s a list of the seven prominent Mountain Ranges of India:
1. The Himalaya Range:
- The highest mountain range of India, Himalaya literally translates to “abode of snow” from Sanskrit. It is the youngest range of India and is a new fold mountain formed by the collision of two tectonic plates.
- The Himalayan Mountain Range has almost every highest peak of the world and on an average they have more than 100 peaks with height more than 7200 m.
- Mount Everest is the highest peak of the world at 8848 m. It lies in the Himalayan Range in Nepal.
- Source of many great river ranges, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Indus.
- Himalayas also play a vital role in regulating the climate in northern India by preventing cold air from entering Indian mainland in winter season.
2. Karakoram and Pir Panjal Range:
- Karakoram Range and Pir Panjal Range lies to the North-west and south of the Himalayan Range.
- A major part of the Karakoram Range lies under the disputed category of Indian and Pakistan and both countries have declared a claim over it.
- Karakoram Range, with a length of 500 km holds many largest peaks of Earth. K-2, the second highest peak of the world, at 8,611m lies in the Karakoram Range.
- Hindu-Kush, an extension of the Karakoram Range runs in Afghanistan.
- The Siachen Glacier and The Biafo Glacier, which are world’s 2nd and 3rd largest glaciers, are located in this range.
- The Pir Panjal Range is located in southern direction of Himalayas starting from Himachal Pradesh in India and running north-west towards Jammu & Kashmir and disputed area of Jammu & Kashmir.
- Rivers like Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum flow through this range.
3. The Aravalli Range:
- The oldest mountain range of India, The Aravalli Range is also the oldest mountain range in the world. Width of range varies from 10 km to 100 km.
- In local language, Aravalli translates to ‘line of peaks’, and spans a total length of 800 km, covering the Indian states of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujrat.
- Guru Shikhar is highest point of Aravalli Range with total elevation of 1722m.
- This range is famous for many tourist attractions and Mount Abu the only hill station in Rajasthan is situated on this range.
- City of Udaipur also lies on its southern slope. City of Udaipur, which is also known as Venice of the East, lies in the southern slopes of Aravalli Mountains.
- Banas, Luni, and Sabarmati are the rivers that flow through this range.
4. The Satpura and Vindhaya Range:
- The Satpura and Vindhaya Range lies in central India and both these ranges run parallel to each other.
- Out of these two, Satpura range is higher in length and is the source of rivers like Narmada and Tapti.
- Both Satpura and Vindhaya are mainly situated in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra with some extension to Gujarat, Chattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh.
- Kalumar Peak (752 m) and Duphgarh Peak (1350 m) are the highest point in Vindhaya and Satpura range.
- These ranges are famous for a large no of tourist spot like Panchmarhi Hill Station, Kanha National Park, Amarkantak and Omkareshwar temple.
5. Eastern Mountain Range or the Purvanchal Range:
- The Purvanchal Range or the Eastern Mountain Range comprises three parts: The Patkai-Bum Hill, The Garo-Khasi-Jaintia Hills and Lushai Hill (Mizo Hill).
- Mawsynram, in Meghalaya is the wettest place on Earth because of these hills and it lies in the Khasi Hill.
- This range covers all the eastern states of India, which are commonly known as the Seven Sisters.
6. The Western Ghats:
- Western Ghats is 1600m long mountain range that runs from Gujrat to Kanyakumari in south India.
- This mountain range is also called “Sahyadri Mountains”.
- It comprises the mountain range of Nilgiris, Anaimalai and Cardomom.
- Tapti River marks its beginning in Gujarat and then it runs parallel to Arabian Sea crossing states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
- Anaimalai Hills with elevation of 2695 m in Kerala is highest peak of this range.
- Western Ghats is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and has great bio-diversity.
- Famous tourist attractions include Jog falls, Ooty, Bandipur National Park.
- Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri are the important rivers in this range.
7. The Eastern Ghats:
- Eastern Ghats is mountain range running in eastern part of Indian Peninsula parallel to Bay of Bengal.
- This range is not continuous and is lower in elevation when compared to Western Ghats. The range runs through Indian states of West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
- Arma Konda with elevation of 1680m is highest peak of this region.
- Eastern Ghats have a significant role in Indian agriculture as four major rivers of India i.e. Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna and Kaveri fall into Bay of Bengal through Eastern Ghats. They create a large fertile region which is suitable for crops like rice.
- These Ghats are older than Western Ghats and they have some very important pilgrim sites like Tirumala Venkateshwara Temple in Andhra Pradesh.
- Vishakhapatnam and Bhubaneswar are important cities located in Eastern Ghats.
|Rank (Indian)||Mountain||Height (m)||Range||State|
|1||Kanchenjunga||8,586||Himalayas||Sikkim (Shared with Nepal)|
|2||Nanda Devi||7,816||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|4||Saltoro Kangri/ K-10||7,742||Saltoro Karakoram||Ladakh|
|5||Saser Kangri I / K-22||7,672||Saser Karakoram||Ladakh|
|6||Mamostong Kangri / K-35||7,516||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|7||Saser Kangri II E||7,513||Saser Karakoram||Ladakh|
|8||Saser Kangri III||7,495||Saser Karakoram||Ladakh|
|9||Teram Kangri I||7,462||Siachen Karakoram||Ladakh|
|10||Jongsong Peak||7,462||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Sikkim|
|13||Kabru N||7,412||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Sikkim|
|14||Ghent Kangri||7,401||Saltoro Karakoram||Ladakh|
|15||Rimo I||7,385||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|16||Teram Kangri III||7,382||Siachen Karakoram||Ladakh|
|17||Kirat Chuli||7,362||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Sikkim|
|18||Mana Peak||7,272||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|19||Apsarasas Kangri||7,245||Siachen Karakoram||Ladakh|
|20||Mukut Parbat||7,242||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|21||Rimo III||7,233||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|22||Singhi Kangri||7,202||Siachen Karakoram||Ladakh|
|24||Chaukhamba I / Badrinath Peak||7,138||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|27||Pathibhara / The Pyramid||7,123||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Sikkim|
|28||Trisul I||7,120||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|31||Chong Kumdang Ri||7,071||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|33||Kangto||7,060||Assam Himalaya||Arunachal Pradesh|
|34||Nyegyi Kansang||7,047||Assam Himalaya||Arunachal Pradesh|
|36||Shudu Tsempa||7,024||Sikkim Himalaya||Sikkim|
|37||Chamshen Kangri / Tughmo Zarpo||7,017||Saser Karakoram||Ladakh|
|38||Aq Tash||7,016||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|39||Chong Kumdang Ri II||7,004||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|40||Rishi Pahar||6,992||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|41||Thalay Sagar||6,984||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|42||Mount Lakshmi||6,983||Rimo Karakoram||Ladakh|
|43||Kedarnath Main||6,968||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|45||Saraswati Parvat I / Saraswati Peak||6,940||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|46||Shahi Kangri||6,934||Central Tibetan Plateau||Ladakh|
|47||Sri Kailash||6,932||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|49||Chorten Nyima Ri||6,927||Sikkim Himalaya||Sikkim|
|50||Saf Minal / P. 6911||6,911||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
|51||Panchchuli II||6,904||Garhwal Himalaya||Uttarakhand|
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