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In this article, we have compiled the list of highest major summits in India with their respective range and state of their location. Mountain Ranges are one of the important topics of Static GK which is asked competitive exams like SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, SBI Clerk Mains, RBI Assistant Mains etc. We suggest you to download and memorize this PDF for better preparation of competitive exams.

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Here’s a list of the seven prominent Mountain Ranges of India:

1. The Himalaya Range:

  • The highest mountain range of India, Himalaya literally translates to “abode of snow” from Sanskrit. It is the youngest range of India and is a new fold mountain formed by the collision of two tectonic plates.
  • The Himalayan Mountain Range has almost every highest peak of the world and on an average they have more than 100 peaks with height more than 7200 m.  
  • Mount Everest is the highest peak of the world at 8848 m. It lies in the Himalayan Range in Nepal.
  • Source of many great river ranges, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Indus.
  • Himalayas also play a vital role in regulating the climate in northern India by preventing cold air from entering Indian mainland in winter season.

2. Karakoram and Pir Panjal Range:

  • Karakoram Range and Pir Panjal Range lies to the North-west and south of the Himalayan Range.
  • A major part of the Karakoram Range lies under the disputed category of Indian and Pakistan and both countries have declared a claim over it.
  • Karakoram Range, with a length of 500 km holds many largest peaks of Earth. K-2, the second highest peak of the world, at 8,611m lies in the Karakoram Range.
  • Hindu-Kush, an extension of the Karakoram Range runs in Afghanistan.
  • The Siachen Glacier and The Biafo Glacier, which are world’s 2nd and 3rd largest glaciers, are located in this range.
  • The Pir Panjal Range is located in southern direction of Himalayas starting from Himachal Pradesh in India and running north-west towards Jammu & Kashmir and disputed area of Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Rivers like Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum flow through this range.

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3. The Aravalli Range:

  • The oldest mountain range of India, The Aravalli Range is also the oldest mountain range in the world. Width of range varies from 10 km to 100 km.
  • In local language, Aravalli translates to ‘line of peaks’, and spans a total length of 800 km, covering the Indian states of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Gujrat.
  • Guru Shikhar is highest point of Aravalli Range with total elevation of 1722m.
  • This range is famous for many tourist attractions and Mount Abu the only hill station in Rajasthan is situated on this range.
  • City of Udaipur also lies on its southern slope. City of Udaipur, which is also known as Venice of the East, lies in the southern slopes of Aravalli Mountains.
  • Banas, Luni, and Sabarmati are the rivers that flow through this range.

4. The Satpura and Vindhaya Range:

  • The Satpura and Vindhaya Range lies in central India and both these ranges run parallel to each other.
  • Out of these two, Satpura range is higher in length and is the source of rivers like Narmada and Tapti.
  • Both Satpura and Vindhaya are mainly situated in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra with some extension to Gujarat, Chattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh.
  • Kalumar Peak (752 m) and Duphgarh Peak (1350 m) are the highest point in Vindhaya and Satpura range.
  • These ranges are famous for a large no of tourist spot like Panchmarhi Hill Station, Kanha National Park, Amarkantak and Omkareshwar temple.

5. Eastern Mountain Range or the Purvanchal Range:

  • The Purvanchal Range or the Eastern Mountain Range comprises three parts: The Patkai-Bum Hill, The Garo-Khasi-Jaintia Hills and Lushai Hill (Mizo Hill).
  • Mawsynram, in Meghalaya is the wettest place on Earth because of these hills and it lies in the Khasi Hill.
  • This range covers all the eastern states of India, which are commonly known as the Seven Sisters.

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6. The Western Ghats:

  • Western Ghats is 1600m long mountain range that runs from Gujrat to Kanyakumari in south India.
  • This mountain range is also called “Sahyadri Mountains”.
  • It comprises the mountain range of Nilgiris, Anaimalai and Cardomom.
  • Tapti River marks its beginning in Gujarat and then it runs parallel to Arabian Sea crossing states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • Anaimalai Hills with elevation of 2695 m in Kerala is highest peak of this range.
  • Western Ghats is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and has great bio-diversity.
  • Famous tourist attractions include Jog falls, Ooty, Bandipur National Park.
  • Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri are the important rivers in this range.

7. The Eastern Ghats:

  • Eastern Ghats is mountain range running in eastern part of Indian Peninsula parallel to Bay of Bengal.
  • This range is not continuous and is lower in elevation when compared to Western Ghats. The range runs through Indian states of West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
  • Arma Konda with elevation of 1680m is highest peak of this region.
  • Eastern Ghats have a significant role in Indian agriculture as four major rivers of India i.e. Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna and Kaveri fall into Bay of Bengal through Eastern Ghats. They create a large fertile region which is suitable for crops like rice.
  • These Ghats are older than Western Ghats and they have some very important pilgrim sites like Tirumala Venkateshwara Temple in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Vishakhapatnam and Bhubaneswar are important cities located in Eastern Ghats.

Indian Mountain Ranges- Download Free PDF

Rank (Indian)MountainHeight (m)RangeState
1Kanchenjunga8,586HimalayasSikkim (Shared with Nepal)
2Nanda Devi7,816Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
3Kamet7,756Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
4Saltoro Kangri/ K-107,742Saltoro KarakoramLadakh
5Saser Kangri I / K-227,672Saser KarakoramLadakh
6Mamostong Kangri / K-357,516Rimo KarakoramLadakh
7Saser Kangri II E7,513Saser KarakoramLadakh
8Saser Kangri III7,495Saser KarakoramLadakh
9Teram Kangri I7,462Siachen KarakoramLadakh
10Jongsong Peak7,462Kangchenjunga HimalayaSikkim
12K127,628Saltoro KarakoramLadakh
13Kabru N7,412Kangchenjunga HimalayaSikkim
14Ghent Kangri7,401Saltoro KarakoramLadakh
15Rimo I7,385Rimo KarakoramLadakh
16Teram Kangri III7,382Siachen KarakoramLadakh
17Kirat Chuli7,362Kangchenjunga HimalayaSikkim
18Mana Peak7,272Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
19Apsarasas Kangri7,245Siachen KarakoramLadakh
20Mukut Parbat7,242Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
21Rimo III7,233Rimo KarakoramLadakh
22Singhi Kangri7,202Siachen KarakoramLadakh
23Hardeol7,161Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
24Chaukhamba I / Badrinath Peak7,138Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
25Nun-Kun7,135Zanskar HimalayaLadakh
26Pauhunri7,128Sikkim HimalayaSikkim
27Pathibhara / The Pyramid7,123Kangchenjunga HimalayaSikkim
28Trisul I7,120Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
29Satopanth7,075Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
30Tirsuli7,074Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
31Chong Kumdang Ri7,071Rimo KarakoramLadakh
32Dunagiri7,066Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
33Kangto7,060Assam HimalayaArunachal Pradesh
34Nyegyi Kansang7,047Assam HimalayaArunachal Pradesh
35Padmanabh7,030Rimo KarakoramLadakh
36Shudu Tsempa7,024Sikkim HimalayaSikkim
37Chamshen Kangri / Tughmo Zarpo7,017Saser KarakoramLadakh
38Aq Tash7,016Rimo KarakoramLadakh
39Chong Kumdang Ri II7,004Rimo KarakoramLadakh
40Rishi Pahar6,992Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
41Thalay Sagar6,984Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
42Mount Lakshmi6,983Rimo KarakoramLadakh
43Kedarnath Main6,968Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
44Langpo6,965Sikkim HimalayaSikkim
45Saraswati Parvat I / Saraswati Peak6,940Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
46Shahi Kangri6,934Central Tibetan PlateauLadakh
47Sri Kailash6,932Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
48Kalanka6,931Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
49Chorten Nyima Ri6,927Sikkim HimalayaSikkim
50Saf Minal / P. 69116,911Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand
51Panchchuli II6,904Garhwal HimalayaUttarakhand

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We hope that this PDF of Indian Mountain Ranges will definitely help in your preparation.

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