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Governor-General & Viceroys of British India are important topics asked in government exams like SSC, RRB etc. You are suggested to memorize this list and keep revising it on a regular basis as you do with other Static GK PDFs. For your ease of learning, we are providing a PDF of the Governor-General & Viceroys, their duration and accomplishments. Download the PDF now.

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Governor GeneralPeriodImportant achievements/ Events
Warren Hastings1773-1785l The First Governor of Bengal (Presidency of Fort William)   l In 1750 he joined the British East India Company as a clerk and sailed out to India, reaching Calcutta in August 1750 l In 1814 he made a Privy Counsellor. l Zamindars were given judicial powers; establishment of civil and criminal courts in each district. l In 1781, he founded the Calcutta Madrasa, for promotion of Islamic studies. l He founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal with William Jones in 1784.
Lord Cornwallis1786-1793l Introduced Permanent Settlement of Bengal (also called Zamindari system)   l It was an agreement between East India Company and Bengali landlords to fix revenues to be raised from land l He introduced Police reforms according to which each district was divided into 400 square miles and placed under a police superintendent l Introduction of Civil Services in India.
Sir John Shore1793-1798l Followed policy of non-intervention   l Introduced Charter Act of 1793.
Lord Wellesley1798-1805l Adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance- a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make British the supreme power   l Opened College to train the Company’s servants in Calcutta and therefore was known as the Father of Civil Services in India. l He founded the Fort William College at Calcutta.
Sir George Barlow1805-1807l Mutiny of Vellore took place in 1806 in which the Indian soldiers killed many English officials.
Lord Minto I1807-1813l Concluded the Treaty of Amritsar (1809) with Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
Lord Hastings1813-1823l Ended the policy of non-intervention, which was followed by Sir John Shore   l Abolished the censorship of press l Introduced Ryotwari and Mahalawari system in Bombay.  
Lord Amherst1823-1828l Known for the First Anglo Burmese War (1824-26) and Mutiny of Barrackpur (1824)
Governors General of India
Lord William Bentinck          1828-1835l The First Governor General of India   l Carried out social reforms such as abolition of Sati Pratha with the help of Rajaram Mohan Roy l Established first Medical College in Calcutta. l Made English the language of higher education. l Suppressed female infanticide and child sacrifice.
Sir Charles Metcalfe1835-1836l Held the post temporarily and removed restriction on Vernacular press.
Lord Auckland1836-1842l First Afghan War was fought during his reign.
Lord Ellenborough1842-1844l Established Bank of Madras (1843) (later Imperial Bank of India, now State Bank of India)
Henry Hardinge1844-1848l Establishment of Roorkee Engineering College (1847)
Lord Dalhousie1848-1856l Opened the first Railway line from Bombay to Thane in 1853   l Opened first Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agar in 1853 l Introduced Doctrine of Lapse captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854) l Construction of the Grand Trunk Road started along with the construction of a number of bridges were constructed l Established Postal system which made communication easier l Wood’s Dispatch was passed in 1854 which provided the proper system of education from School to University l Widow Remarriage Bill was passed

List of Viceroy of India

Once the Government of India Act 1858was adopted, Governor General become Viceroy of India.

ViceroyPeriodImportant achievements/ Events
Lord Canning1858-1862l Was the Governor General during Mutiny pf 1857 and after the war, he was made the first Viceroy of India   l Withdrew Doctrine of lapse l Indian Council Act was passed in 1861 l University of Bombay, Calcutta, Madras was established in 1857.
Lord Lawrence1864-1869l High Court was established at Calcutta, Bombay, Madras in 1865   l Created Indian Forest Department l Opened telegraph line with Europe l Introduced various reforms and became the member of Punjab Board of Administration after second Sikh war l Was known as the Savior of Punjab.
Lord Mayo1869-1872l Started financial decentralization in India   l Established Rajkot College in Kathiawar and Mayo College in Ajmer for Indian princess l First Census of India was held during his time in 1871 l Organized Statistical survey of India l  Was the only Viceroy who was murdered in office by a pathan in Andaman in 1872
Lord Lytton1876-1880l Delhi Durbar was held on January 1 1877, to decorate Queen Victoria with the title of Kaiser-i-hind   l It was also laid down that the candidates had to appear and pass the civil services examination which began to be held in England l The maximum age for these candidates were reduced from 21 to 19 years l Vernacular press Act was passed in 1878.
Lord Rippon1880-1884l Age for the entry in Civil Service exam was raised to 21 years   l First Factory act was passed during his time in 1881, it prohibited the child labour l Illbert Bill in 1883 was passed l Passed Local Self Government act in 1882
Lord Dufferin1884-1888l Formed the Indian National Congress.
Lord Lansdowne1888-1894l Indian Council Act was passed in 1892   l Second Factory Act (1891) was passed during his time l Appointed Durand Commission to define a line between British India and Afghanistan
Lord Curzon1899-1905l Partition of Bengal (1905) into two provinces- Bengal and East Bengal was done during his time   l Passed the Ancient Monuments Act (1904), to restore India’s cultural heritage thereby establishing the Archeological Survey of India.
Lord Minto1905-1910l Morley-Minto reform was passed in 1909
Lord Hardinge1910-1916l Partition of Bengal was canceled and capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911   l Gandhi ji returned to India from South Africa in 1915 l Home Rule moment was launched by Annie Besant.
Lord Chelmsford1916-1921l August Declaration of 1917, after which the control over the Indian Government would be transferred to Indian people   l Rowlatt Act 1919 was passed l Montague-Chelmsford reform was passed l Jallianwala Bagh Massacre 1919 took place during his time l Non- Cooperation and Khilafat movement took place l Women’s University was founded at Poona in 1919
Lord Reading1921-1926l Suppressed non-cooperation movement   l Chauri -Chaura incident took place l Formation of Swaraj party l Ahmedabad session of INS held in 1921.
Lord Irwin1926-1931l Simon commission visited India in 1928   l Dandi March was held in 1930 l Civil Disobedience movement launched in 1930 l Gandhi- Irwin pact was signed and First Round Table Conference was held in 1931
Lord Willingdon1931-1936l Poona Pact was signed   l Second and Third Round Table Conference was held during his time l Communal Award started by British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald l Government of India Act (1935) was passed
Lord Linlithgow1936-1943l Government of India Act enforced in provinces.   l Cripps Mission visited India in 1942 l Quit India movement was started in 1942 l Second World war took place in 1939.
Lord Wavell1943-1947l Shimla Conference was held on June 25, 1945 between Muslim League and Indian national Congress was failed   l Cabinet Mission Plan was launched in 1946 l On December 09, 1946, first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held.
Lord MountbattenMarch 1947- August 1947l Last Viceroy and first Governor General of free India   l Partition of India was done on June 3, 1947 l India Independent Act was passed on July 4, 1947 by British parliament l As per the Act India became independent on August 15, 1947 l He was succeeded by C. Rajagopalachari, who was the last Governor General of free India.

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