In the series of explaining Editorials’ Difficult Words, we have picked the editorial on the Brexit issue today. Reading the editorials on a daily basis will not only acquaint you with new words but will also keep you updated with general awareness apart from helping you build a perspective on different issues.
Brexit: U.K’s pending divorce with the EU
The leadership struggle among Britain’s ruling Tories (supporters of the conservative party in UK; UK में conservative पार्टी के समर्थक) may make Brexit more chaotic
The politics of the United Kingdom has entered a chaotic, if not entirely dark, phase. Prime Minister Theresa May has announced, in the wake of her inability to deliver an acceptable formula for Brexit, that she would step down (resign from an office; एक कार्यालय से इस्तीफा देना ) on June 7. Her colleagues in the Conservative Party remain deeply divided over the terms of the Withdrawal Agreement she negotiated with the European Union and have rejected three times her attempts to get it passed in Parliament. That agreement is, in principle, based on the notion (idea;अवधारणा ) of the U.K. leaving the EU’s single market and customs union, the termination of residency and work rights of EU citizens in the U.K., and a two-year transition period to consolidate new bilateral modalities (a particular way of doing something; किसी कार्य को करने का ख़ास तरीका). This compromise didn’t fly with the ruling Tory lawmakers because the Brexiteers of the party feel it concedes (to allow someone to have something, even if you do not want to; किसी को कुछ करने की अनुमति देना, भले ही आप न चाहते हों ) too much to the EU and yet remains bound by the bloc’s (a group of countries having the same goals;समान लक्ष्य रखने वाले देशों का समूह ) rules. Simultaneously, pro-EU lawmakers are firmly against a hard Brexit, or no-deal Brexit, and prefer to keep alive the close economic ties to the continent that have been in place since the U.K. joined in 1973. The last straw that made Ms. May’s resignation all but inevitable, came from the opinion polls for the European parliamentary election — matched this week by the results — predicting a landslide (the winning of an election with an extremely large number of votes; प्रचंड बहुमत से चुनाव जीतना ) victory, at the Conservative Party’s cost, for the freshly minted (recently made; हाल ही में बनाया गया) Brexit Party led by Nigel Farage.
The selection of Ms. May’s successor is a relatively straightforward issue at this point. Leading the pack (to be more successful than others;दूसरों की तुलना में अधिक सफल होना) of contenders is former Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, who has reiterated his commitment to seeing the U.K. quit the EU on October 31, the current deadline, regardless of whether a deal is agreed upon or not. Others include former Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab, who supports leaving the EU on “WTO terms”; Environment Secretary Michael Gove; and former Leader of the House of Commons Andrea Leadsom. The more complex issue is whether the Conservative Party’s next leader can devise a universally acceptable compromise formula that minimises the economic and social pain inflicted (to force someone to experience something unpleasant; किसी को कुछ अप्रिय अनुभव प्राप्त करने के लिए मजबूर करना ) on individuals, corporations and the national psyche. The available options are difficult and few: an orderly exit with a deal (unlikely given that Ms. May has allowed the opposition to the only deal that Brussels has signed off to crystallise); a no-deal exit (an economically and legally painful outcome but quite possible); an election or second referendum (a vote in which all the people in a country or an area decide on an important question; जनमत संग्रह ) that might reverse the 2016 decision to leave the EU (possible but unclear if this could happen before the October 31 deadline); or a further extension of the deadline beyond the date (an event that some consider likely). No matter how the politics of this troubled nation turns, it is the resolution of Brexit as a struggle between nativist impulses and the existing liberal order that the world is watching.
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