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Nearly all the Banking, Insurance, and Government exams have English as an indispensable section. The section checks aspirants’ grasp on a range of factors like vocabulary, grammar, and comprehension. While reading the editorials of a couple of good newspapers is an excellent medium to improve all the three aspects, it becomes at times boring as well. This happens mainly because of two reasons: either the subject is not interesting enough to keep you glued on the article or you stumble across a lot of new and complicated words which you don’t understand. Read the tips to master your vocabulary here.

Generally, it so happens that if there is only one unknown word in a sentence, you kind-of get its sense by reading the remaining sentence. But if there are two or more words placed interwovenly, the sense of the sentence is generally lost and you need to use a dictionary and attempt hard to understand what the sentence is trying to convey. It is for this reason that we are coming up with this article to help you out with the senses of the difficult words used in the editorial of reputed newspapers.

Fire and laissez-faire: fix accountability for Surat tragedy

Fix accountability for Surat tragedy, and update the fire safety protocol (system of rules; नियमों की व्यवस्था/ प्रणाली ) countrywide

The deadly fire in a Surat coaching centre that resulted in the death of 22 young people highlights the gap between India’s dreamy visions of smart cities and the cruel reality of urban chaos (a state of total confusion with no order; पूर्ण अव्यवस्था ) and lawlessness. Images of students leaping from the blazing (burning strongly;गंभीर रूप से जलना ) building in a bid to escape will remain imprinted on the public consciousness; many more teenagers were hopelessly overpowered by the flames within the premises, while a lucky few escaped with their lives. These young Indians are the latest victims of a culture of laissez-faire (not having many laws and rules; बिना किसी नियम कानून के ) urbanisation that city governments have bred and which the courts allow to be pursued without severe penalties. India’s abysmal (very bad; बहुत बुरा ) record on fire safety is reflected in the death of 17,700 people countrywide in fires in both public and residential buildings during 2015, according to the latest available data from the National Crime Records Bureau. Periodically, high-profile cases such as the Uphaar cinema blaze in Delhi that killed 59 people in 1997, and the Kumbakonam school fire in Tamil Nadu in 2004 in which 94 children perished (died in a sudden way; अचानक मौत होना ) shocked the nation, but even these are not strong enough to persuade governments to make fire safety the priority it should be. Neither has prolonged, aggressive litigation by the affected families in the Uphaar case made a difference, because the criminal culpability (deserved to be blamed; दोषी ठहराया जाना चाहिए ) of the administrative machinery and officials who sanctioned unsafe buildings, often in return for bribes, remains largely unaddressed.

The Surat fire cannot be called an accident, since there are reports of notices having been served to the builder on the risks, but not pursued by the Fire Department. Civic officials have displayed unforgivable indifference, since two deaths occurred in another coaching centre in the city late last year. That tragedy should have led to a comprehensive review of public buildings. The present inquiry into the disaster should go into any deviations from the sanctioned plan for the commercial building housing the coaching centre, and the role of urban planning officials in allowing it to come up. Ultimately, litigation (the process of taking a case to a court; कोर्ट में केस ले जाने की प्रक्रिया ) on fire disasters goes to the courts, and it is essential for the judiciary to send out the message that there will be no tolerance to corruption and evasion in the enforcement of building rules and fire safety. Beyond suspending a few officials and filing cases against the building owners, there is a need to make an example of sanctioning and enforcement authorities. The unwavering (never changing; अटल ) message must be that Indians demand accountability. Mandating compulsory insurance for all public buildings against fire risk and public liability can bring about (to make something happen; लाना ) a change to the way architects and builders approach the question of safety, since the insurer would require a reduction of risk and compliance with building plans. At least, that would be a start to rewriting India’s shameful record on fire safety.

We hope this article would not only help in understanding editorials while you read them, but it would also help you in enriching and augmenting your word-power. Read more similar articles here. Wishing you all the best for your preparation!

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